Himalayan Forest Research Institute (HFRI), Shimla was established as High Level Conifer Regeneration Research Centre during May 1977 for carrying out Research on problem associated with natural regeneration of Silver Fir and Spruce. The institute made its humble beginning from this Centre and at the time of re-organization of forestry research in Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education (ICFRE), Dehradun, during 1998, Government of India appreciated the problems of Temperate Eco-system and decided to upgrade this Centre in to a full-fledged research institute.



1.   To undertake and promote forestry research, education and extension, leading to scientific and sustainable management of forests, with special focus on Himalayan forests.

2.   To provide scientific advice to the central and state governments aiding informed decision making in matters of national and regional importance and international commitments and to address forestry
research needs.

3.   To provide technical assistance and material support to states, forest dependent communities, forest based industries, tree & NTFP growers and other stakeholders in their forestry based programmes for conservation and sustainable use of forest resources.

4.   To undertake research in silviculture and forest management to develop cost effective natural and artificial regeneration practices, including nursery & plantation techniques.

5.   Assessment of conservation status, sustainable harvest and development of appropriate cultivation and postharvest techniques for important non-wood forest products and lesser known tree species.

6.   To undertake research on genetic improvement of commercially important sub-tropical and temperate tree species for enhancement of productivity and quality of forests.

7.   To undertake biodiversity and ecological assessments for development of site specific conservation strategies, including climate change mitigation and adaptation issues with particular reference to the mountain ecosystems.

8.   To undertake research for eco-restoration of cold desert areas, management of pasture lands and rehabilitation of degraded areas.

9.   To undertake research and knowledge management on various aspects of forests, viz., forest soils, invasive species, forest fires, insect pests and diseases.

10.  To develop, upscale, disseminate and share the appropriate technologies to end-users through innovative extension strategies and capacity building programmes.

11.  To undertake all such activities as necessary, incidental and conducive to attainment of the objectives of the Council.


Core Research Areas:

Activities at the institutes revolve around following core research areas:

1- To carry out and further substantiate research on the natural and artificial regeneration of conifers and their broadleaved associates.

2- To standardize the cost effective nursery techniques of various coniferous species and their broadleaved associates to produce quality planting stock for rehabilitation of degraded areas.

3- To identify quality seed sources and planting material of various species and establish seed orchards.

4- To study the ecological aspects of stress sites including cold deserts and work out models for eco-rehabilitation.

5- To carry out ecological and plant diversity studies in different ecosystems including wildlife sanctuaries of Western Himalayas

6- To study various diseases and insect pests incidences of important tree species and work out their control measures.

7- To undertake research to assess conservation status of important non-wood forest products/medicinal plants in the region and standardize their agro-techniques

8- To develop suitable agro-forestry models for various zones in the western Himalayan region.

9- Conservation awareness and dissemination of research findings to various target groups.


Geographical Jurisdiction:

Himalayan Forest Research Institute (HFRI), Shimla caters to the forestry research needs in the Western Himalayan States comprising of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir, those are located in between 30.22' 40" to 37.05' North latitude and 73.26' to 80.30' East longitude. The elevational variations in areas of its jurisdictions varies between less than 300 m above msl along Punjab plains to more than 8,000 m above msl in the inner Himalayan zone in Ladakh. The vegetation is, however, present only upto permanent snowline at an altitude of about 4,500 m above msl. Recordings of stray occurrence of plants at altitudes higher than the permanent snow line are also available at some locations. Total geographical area of the region is 2,77,908 km2 (H.P.: 55,673 km2 and J&K: 2,22,235 km2).


Key Achievements: (Click on link to view detail)

1- Research

2- Extension

3- Education

4- Others


Ongoing Projects

Completed Projects


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