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Wood Database

Wood is a very important material in our national economy. It is the most versatile substance used by man and has played an exceptional role in the evolution of human civilization. In India alone we have well over 1600 different woody trees, the wood of which show a remarkably wide range of variation in their physical properties such as color, texture, grain, weight, hardness etc., as well as in their anatomical structure. Depending upon its structure and properties, timber is put to a variety of different uses like furniture making, in plywood industry, wood fittings in buildings etc. Timber has been and continues to be one of the most widely used and appealing materials. It is also the most ecological, environmental friendly natural material we have. Because of the many advantages in the usage, it is put to a myriad of applications. At present in India, due to the scarcity and hike in prices of conventionally preferred timber species like teak, sal, rosewood, mahagony etc., dependence on fast -growing, non conventional plantation timber, both indigenous and exotic and also timber imported from other countries, is increasing. Several of these timbers do not possess a high degree of natural durability. The wood database provides details of many aspects of the timber yielding tree along with its properties, uses and durability. The wood database comprises pages of 1022 tree species including both indigenous and exotic, distributed among 140 families of 64 orders. The highest number of trees belong to family, Fabaceae under the order, Fabales.Being a biological material, wood is susceptible to attack by a number of decay causing and wood destroying organisms. Insects constitute a very important group of biodeteriorating organisms causing considerable material and monetary losses. The insects associated with wood of living tree and harvested timber are listed in the wood page and linked to insect database.

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Wood Database   

This database is an attempt to present the details of different woody species along with photographs of trees, close up of trunk to show the features of bark, logs and timber products. It is hoped that this database will be useful to all those involved in timber production, trade, industry and also consumption.