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Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education

Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education
(An Autonomous Body of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India)

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NEW PROJECTS INITIATED DURING THE YEAR 2006-2007

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Project 1: Impact of ban on green felling on the plant diversity of selected sites in Uttaranchal [FRI-357/Bot-52/2006-2009]


Status: Field surveyed for the unallotted, seeding and final felling compartments of Deodar and Chirpine forests of Chakrata and selected the sites for vegetative analysis.

Project 2: Studies on the development of biopesticides from Eucalyptus hybrid [FRI- 344/Chem-16/2006-2008]

Status: Leaves of Eucalyptus hybrid were collected from the New Forest campus, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun. The essential oil was isolated using hydro distillation method. Three extractives using petroleum ether, chloroform and methanol were prepared. Screening of the extracts and oil demonstrated insecticidal activity against poplar defoliator, Clostera cupreata. Collection of the foliage and their extraction using the solvent of increasing polarity were repeated. The acetone extractive was fractionated into acetone soluble and insoluble portions. Ursolic acid rich fraction was isolated. Pesticidal screening of the extractives and the solid obtained is in progress.

Project 3: Production and value addition by chemical derivatization of alpha cellulose of Lantana camara for its useful applications [FRI-345/Chem-172006-2009]

Status: Cyanoethyl cellulose was prepared from the alpha cellulose isolated from Lantana camara. Thirty one derivatives were prepared. Reaction conditions were standardized with respect to sodium hydroxide concentration, acrylonitrile concentration, cyanothylation time and temperature. Degree of substitution (DS) of the modified cellulose of cyanoethyl cellulose was determined by calculating the nitrogen content in the samples.

Project 4: Utilization of fungi for biotreatment of industrial waste waters [FRI-346/Eco-20/2006-2009]

Status: Effluent analysis: Textile and distillery effluents were collected and analysed for their physicochemical
parameters like temperature, pH, turbidity, conductivity, total solids, chloride, nitrogen, hardness, calcium, alkalinity, phosphate, potassium, sodium, BOD, DO, COD and heavy metals.

Fungi culturing: Different species of fungi were collected from the dead materials from the adjacent areas of effluent disposal sites and cultured in the lab.

Fungal treatment: Effluents collected from different fungi for the preliminary screening of the effective fungi.

Preliminary screening: On the basis of optical density and mycelial weight, six fungi namely, Merulius tremelosus, Pycnoporus sanguineus, Trametes ravidus, Trichoderma species, Penicillium sp. and Mucor hiemalis treatment, 5 fungi namely Schizophyllum commune, Trametes ravidus, Trametes versicolor, Trametes cingulata and Pyconoporus sanguineus were screened for distillery effluent treatment.

Project 5: Endangered and rare entomogenous fungus Cordyceps sinensis, identification of its insect hosts and food plants of insect hosts in the Bugyals of Uttarakhand [FRI-347/FED-28/2006-2009]

Status: Cordyceps sinensis infested larvae were collected from Bedini bugyal of Badrinath Forest Division (Uttarakhand). Average length of larvae was 2.25 cm and fruiting body 4.44 cm while average of total length of larva with fruiting body was found 6.69 cm. Some plants growing in the vicinity of fungus infested larvae were identified by the botanists of the Institute as Jurina dolicocephala, Geum elatum, Polygonum polystachum, P. affinis, Impatiens sulcata, Parnesia nubicola, Taraxacum officinale, Pedicularis sp., Saxiphraga sp. and Tanasetum sp. etc.

Project 6: Control of shisham leaf miner Leucoptera sphenograpta using systemic insecticides [FRI-349/ FED-24/2006-2009]

Status: Seventy seedlings of Dalbergia sissoo were procured from nurseries and planted in the field for study of the biology of the leaf miner. Survey of shisham plantation and nurseries was carried out in Uttarakhand and Haryana. Cocoon of Leucoptera sphenograpta were collected from host plants and kept in the laboratory for emergence. Light to moderate attack of the shisham leaf miner L. sphenograpta was noticed at Thano Forest Range and Chhachrauli Range. Infested materials were reared in the laboratory and emerged moth was identified as Leucoptera sphenograpta Meyr. (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae). The larval parasitoid associated with the leaf miner was identified as Paraharmius Jason (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Some pupal parasitoids were also recovered and they are being processed for identification. Further work is in progress.

Project 7: Butterfly diversity in moist temperate forests of Garhwal: Evaluating species of conservation priority and indicator taxa of habitat disturbance in Ban oak forest ecosystem [FRI-348/FED-23 /2006-2009]

Status: Sampling surveys of butterflies was carried out in Garhwal Himalayas: Chamoli-Rudraprayag Districts (Kedarnath Musk Deer Reserve) and Tehri Garhwal (Benog sanctuary-KotiKimoi-Dhanaulti-Nag Tibba) along fixed transects in both undisturbed and degraded Ban Oak forest habitats. Studies revealed more than 60 species of butterflies with one having new range extension from North-East India and another species new to science that is being described.

Project 8: Eco-friendly preservatives and fire retardants combinations for protection of structural bamboos for low cost houses [FRI-350/FPD (WP)-60/2006-2009]

Status: Bamboo species treated with 15% ZiBOC and fire retardants gave substantial retention of preservative in three species of bamboo, which is under testing for performance evaluation.

Project 9: Studies on performance of plantation grown species in cooling towers [FRI-351/FPD (WP)-61/2006-2009]

Status: Procurement, conversion, seasoning and treatment of timber yielding species of Toon (Toona ciliata), Pinus radiata and Pinus roxburghii and Ailanthus excelsa have been completed.

Project 10: Evaluation of Australian seed sources and families of Eucalyptus tereticornis for productivity and genetic improvement PHASE II [FRI-358/GandTP-20/2006-2009]

Status: Experimental plantation was maintained through execution of cleaning, weeding and soil working operations. Flowering behavior of different provenances was observed. Data recording and analysis work on various morphometric traits were completed. About forty-seven superior trees have been identified and marked. The North Queensland provenances maintained their superiority over other provenances.

Project 11: Development of organic cultivation protocols for enhancing productivity of selected medicinal and aromatic plants in Uttaranchal [FRI-359/NWFP-23/2006-2009]

Status: Research on developing organic cultivation protocol for medicinal plants such as Asparagus racemosus, Rauvolfia serpentina and Ocimum sanctum is under way. Experiments using FYM, vermicomposts, soil moisture conservation, soil nutrient replenishment and weed control are in progress.

Project 12: Studies on nursery diseases of important medicinal plants of Uttaranchal [FRI-352/ NWFP-22/2006-2009]

Status: Studies are in progress to identify the causal organisms of various nursery diseases of medicinal and aromatic plants in the state of Uttarakhand. Many fungus related diseases are being identified in Dehradun, Rishikesh, Chakrata areas etc. in collaboration with Pathology Division of the institute. The study will cover all districts of the Herbal state Uttarakhand by March 2009.

Project 13: Identification and evaluation of disease resistance in different genotypes of poplar [FRI 353/Path-21/2006-2011]

Status: Survey of nurseries and plantations of different age class poplars for disease assessment was done in Udham Singh Nagar and nearby areas (Baghwala, Chandain and Pawan farms, Inderpur nursery) of Uttarakhand. Alternaria, Phoma, Bipolaris, etc. Diseases were identified on different genetic materials. Their symptoms were recorded. Isolation of these pathogens was made and studies of their biology are underway. Data was recorded on growth performance and intensity of different foliar diseases on clones of Populus deltoides.

Project 14: Enhancing the longevity of acorns of Quercus dilatata and Q. leucotrichophora [FRI-355/Silva-32/2006-2009]

Status: Literature was consulted on distribution, acorn collection and storage of the two species of oak. Field surveys were conducted in Dhanaulti, Mussoorie and Nainital Forest Divisions to assess the crop of the two species. Acorns of Q. leucotrichophora, collected from Dhanaulti and Mussoorie Forest areas were cleaned, desiccated to three moisture levels using Silica gel, to study their desiccation tolerance. Then acorns were stored in four containers at 5�, 5�, and 15� C and at ambient temperature and subjected to monthly germination tests to assess their viability.

Project 15: Evaluation of seed orchards of Dalbergia sissoo for seed quality [FRI-354/Silva-33/2006-2009]

Status: Seeds/pods have been collected from seedling and clonal seed orchards of Dalbergia sissoo from Bithmara and Hissar in Haryana and also from general populations for comparison. The pod and seed characteristics of different progenies and clones have been recorded and significant variations observed in the studied traits. The germination and storage trials of the seeds collected are in progress.

Project 16: Econometric analysis of potential and constraints for farm forestry development in Eastern UP [FRI-356/Stat-2/2006-2010]

Status: The sites were visited and a questionnaire has been developed. The data from Western UP has been collected.

 

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