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Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education

Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education
(An Autonomous Body of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India)

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PROJECTS CONTINUED DURING THE YEAR 2006-2007

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Project 1: Study on plant diversity in Sal Teak ecotone zone as influenced by ecological and climatic changes [085/TFRI/2005/Biod-2 (5)/ 2005 2009]

Status: Two sites viz. Umariya (M.P.) and Jagadalpur (C.G.) have been selected for the study where sal and teak are growing together naturally. Maps and other details of the study area along with weather records from 1995-2005 have been collected. Microclimatic data for May, June 2006 inside and outside the forest was also recorded. Quadrats have been laid out at both the ecotone area for floristic study. Number of species occurring in a quadrate and girth of tree species along with phenological observations of major tree species from both the sites have been recorded. The Important Value Index (IVI) and Diversity Index of tree species observed in both the sites are being calculated. Surface soil samples are collected from 0-5 and 5-15 cm depth in the ecotone area of Jagadalpur for analysis of soil microflora and soil chemical properties. The pattern of exploitation of major forest produces have also been recorded.

Project 2: Documentation of traditional knowledge on ethno-medicinal information from traditional herbal healers (vaidyas, ojhas, guniyas) in central Madhya Pradesh [084/TFRI/2005/Biod-1 (4)/ 2005- 2008]

Status: Literature survey was conducted for recording of existing information on traditional knowledge. Different tribal pockets have been identified for survey work in Sehor, Hoshangabad and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh. Five tribal pockets in Sehor district viz. Irchawar, Budni, Astha, Rehti and Nasrullaganj; four tribal pockets in Hoshangabad district viz. Sohagpur, Bagra Tawa, Kesala and three tribal pockets in Seoni district viz. Banjari, Dhuma and Chhapara have been identified. Preparation of list of herbal healers is in progress for Hoshangabad, Sehore and Seoni districts. Field survey was conducted to record information available with traditional healers in tribal pockets identified in Sehore, Hoshangabad and Seoni districts. The plant part used along with different formulations and dosages used in cure of ailments were recorded. The response of tribal community towards use of herbal medicines has been recorded. Awareness among tribal communities was created by organizing village meetings in tribal pockets and among end users during Van Mela organized at Bhopal and Jabalpur.

Project 3: Eco-rehabilitation of limestone mined areas in Madhya Pradesh [065/TFRI/2004/Ecol-1(6)/ 2004-2007]

Status: Vegetation survey was carried out in Jamori limestone mined area by quadrate method in the overburden dump. Significant improvement in soil quality and fertility status was observed in already existing plantations of Kuteshwar and Jamori limestone mined areas. Jatropha curcas (232.3) showed superioty over other 21 selected species regarding growth and biomass parameters followed by Acacia nilotica (185.2), Gmelina arborea (130.5), Dalbergia sissoo (129.6), and Eucalyptus hybrid (125.2). VAM+PSB+Rhizobium was found as the best biofertilizer treatment for the growth of Albizia procera followed by VAM+PSB and Rhizobium+PSB. Twenty five ppm single super phosphate and 100 ppm urea was observed as the best combination for higher biomass production of Albiza procera followed by 100 ppm urea and 50 ppm single super phosphate. Ammonium nitrate was found as the best treatment for higher biomass production among 3 different nitrogenous fertilizers followed by ammonium sulphate and ammonium chloride. Leaf litter prevented moisture loss followed by husk and grass.

Project 4: Studies on forest dwelling Braconids (Hymenoptera : Braconidae) from central India and their role in biological control of important forest insect pests [081/TFRI/2005/Ento-2 (10)/ 2005-2008]

Status: Surveys were conducted in different localities of Jabalpur, Behrai, Kanjai, Bamandehi, Dindori, Shahdol, Sagar, Damoh, Guna, Shivpuri, Indore, Jhabua, Satna, Panna, Katni, Maihar, Rewa, Sirmore, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Itarsi, Hoshangabad and Harda of Madhya Pradesh for the collection of Braconids. Over all 328 samples of insect fauna were collected by sweeping method; out of which 303 Braconids were isolated and preserved. A total 197 samples of leaf miners and defoliators of forest tree species (Ailanthus excelsa, Butea monosperma, Pongamia pinnata, Dalbergia sissoo, Syzygium cumini, Lagerstroemia parviflora and Ziziyphus jujuba), teak leaf defoliator / skeletonizer: Hyblaea puera and Eutectona machaeralis and bamboo leaf roller: Crypsiptya coclesalis were collected from above localities of Madhya Pradesh. Apanteles machaeralis was emerged from the larvae of Eutectona machaeralis; Apanteles sp. near malacosomae was reared from the larvae of Atteva fabriciella. Twelve Braconids (Apanteles machaeralis, Apanteles sp. near malacosomae, Adialytus salicaphis, Cassidobracon indicus, Chelonus deogiri, Chelonus narayani, Microchelonus nigripes, Eutropobracon granulatus, Cassidobracon sumodani, Opius species, Parahormius stom and Mirax sp. were identified up to species level. Other available Braconids are belonging to subfamilies: Microgasterinae, Miracinae; Opiinae, Cheloninae, Aphidiinae, Euphorinae, Dirrhopinae, Alysiinae, Cardiochilinae and Adeliinae.

Project 5: Effect of microbial inoculants on Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borivillianum) [082/TFRI-2005/Path-1(11)/2005-2007]

Status: Survey was conducted for germplasm collection of safed musli from Chhindwara, Saunser and Seoni. Safed Musli was raised in nursery beds by collected propagating material. Fusarium and one fluorescent bacterium were isolated and purified from rhizopsphere of safed musli seedlings. A nursery experiment was conducted in RBD design to enhance the production of safed musli. VAM, PSB, Azospirillum, Azotobacter individually and in combination were used for experimentation. It was observed that application of VAM + Azospirillum + PSB has given maximum yield of safed musli. Saponin contents in different treatments were also analyzed.

Project 6: Studies on bacterial and viral diseases of teak, Gmelina and Albizia and their management [066/TFRI/2004/Patho-1(8)/ 2004-2008]

Status: Six isolates of bacteria were identified as a cause of collar rot and seedling wilt of Tectona grandis and Gmelina arborea in forest nurseries of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Out of 6 bacterial isolates 3 each were gram-positive and gram-negative. Further work on field management with application of broad spectrum antibiotics and modification in cultural practices is in progress. Assessment of damage caused by Pseudomonas in three FDCM teak nurseries (Ram Dongari, MS; Kanchangaon, MP and Chulband nursery, Gondia, MS) was done. Incidence of bacterial collar rot and wilt in six months' old seedlings of teak was assessed to be <5%. Leaf curl and stunting in one year old hi-tech teak plantation in Panna Forest Division was recorded. Xanthomonas was isolated from the affected leaf region.

Project 7: Studies on the role of Actinomycetes in controlling root diseases of Tectona grandis, Albizia procera, Albizia lebbek and Acacia nilotica in nurseries [072/TFRI- 2004/Patho-2(9)/ 2004-2007]

Status: Soil samples were collected from different parts of M.P. and C.G. (Katni, Mandla, Sagar, Badwani, Balaghat, Raipur, Bilaspur, Kundam) for isolation of actinomycetes and antagonistic bacteria. Three actinomycetes and 4 bacteria were isolated from the collected samples. Interaction of antagonistic actinomycetes and bacteria was tested against Trichoderma viride, Bacillus subtilis, Fusarium oxysporum, Macrophomina phaseolina, Alternaria alternata and Ganoderma lucidum. Crude extract of Streptomyces sp. was analyzed for mass spectra and NMR from CDRI Lucknow. The efficacy was also tested in nursery beds against wilt and root rot of Albizia procera, Dalbergia sissoo, Albizia lebbek and Acacia nilotica caused by Fusarium solani. Culture filtrate of antagonistic organism inhibited the growth of fungal flora on seeds of Albizia lebbek, Dalbergia sissoo and Acacia nilotica in Petri plates. FYM and Chicken Manure were found best for the growth of Streptomyces sp. for bulk culturing. Antagonistic bacteria were bulk cultured on PDA medium.

Project 8: Standardization of the cultivation technique and utilization of laccate stipitate species in Ganodermataceae (G. lucidum) [056/CFRHRD-2003/2(6)/ 2003-2007]

Status: Seventy eight specimens of the collected samples of Ganoderma species were identified up to species level. Purified cultures have been maintained in the laboratory for further estimation of their medicinal content. Screening of all the Ganoderma lucidum was carried out through cellulose degrading capability test. Estimation of glucanase production in four selected strains of Ganoderma lucidum was confirmed and categorized as stains of medicinal value. Selected strains cultivated in different nutrient substrate for mass multiplication and production of mycelium.

Project 9: Sudies on inheritance pattern of selected wood traits in teak (Tectona grandis L.) [068/TFRI/2004/Gen 3(9)/ 2004-2007]

Status: The progeny trial of teak, raised at Mohogata (Maharashtra) during 1988, was investigated for growth and wood traits. Data on growth parameters viz., height, girth and bark thickness and wood traits viz., heart wood and sap wood, were collected from different teak progenies of the half-sib trial. There was significant variation with reference to the above growth and wood traits among the teak progenies. Wood core samples were also collected and processed for microscopic examination of length/diameter variations of vessels and fibers in progenies of half-sib families, to assess their inheritance pattern. Wood samples of teak progenies, collected from 28 years old progeny trial (Chandrapur, Maharashtra) were analyzed for fibre length, fibre thickness and fibre lumen width using micro-technique methodology. Preliminary results showed variation in the above wood parameters among the various progenies of families of teak.

Project 10: Chemical investigations on biologically active chemicals of forest species and their utility for pest control [069/TFRI-2004/NWFP-1(9)/ 2004-2007]

Status: Jatropha curcas seed oil was modified by sulphation reaction followed by neutralization. Physico-chemical properties of modified oil were assessed. Solubility of the product was assessed in different organic and inorganic solvents. Specific gravity, wetting power of 1-5% concentration, emulsifying power 1%, foaming power, surface tension, viscosity of different concentration of sulphated products were assessed. Properties were also compared with sulphated castor and karanj oil. Oil%, saponin and phytate contents in J. curcas seeds collected from Chhattisgarh were estimated. Herbicidal activities of J. curcas seed components and sulphated product was assessed against weed, Parthenium hysterophorus. Insecticidal /feeding deterrent activities of J. curcas seeds were assessed against insect Hyblea puera and termite Odontotermes obesus by soil graveyard method on wooden blocks of Mangifera indica. Nitrifiability of J. curcas seed cake was assessed up to 75 days. Antifungal activities of J. curcas seed products was assessed by seed dressing of Dalbergia sissoo and Pongamia pinnata seeds and appearance of fungal flora was recorded.

Project 11: Evaluation of wild edible plants of central region for polysaccharides and other food value [070/TFRI-2004/NWFP-2(10)/ 2004-2007]

Status: Surveys were conducted and samples were collected of Curcuma angustifolia, C. pseudomontanum, Costus speciosus, Eulophia nuda, Puraria tuberosa, Randia dumatorum and Asterus hygromatricus from Kalpi, Bichiya (Mandla), Kundam (Jabalpur) and Dindori (M.P.), Dhamtari, Dondi, Kanker (Chhattisgarh) and processed for further laboratory analysis. Different nutritional and anti-nutritional bio-chemicals viz., carbohydrates, starch, protein, tannin, phenols, oil per cent, cyanogens, fibre, minerals in collected fruits and tubers of different species were estimated. Diosgenin content in Costus specious tubers collected from different localities was isolated and estimated. Phenolic acids in tubers were extracted for estimation with HPLC.

Project 12: Evaluation, modification and value addition of starches of forest origin [083/TFRI/2005/NWFP-2(13)/ 2005-2008]

Status: Surveys were conducted and fruits of Careya arboriya were collected from 5 localities namely Bargi, Kundam, Mandla, Niwas and Sangrampur (M.P.) and starch was extracted. Maximum starch was obtained in 1% ammonium oxalate and distilled water. Rhizomes of Curcuma aromatica were collected and starch was extracted. The physico chemical properties of C. aromatica rhizomes were also determined.

Project 13: Evaluation of management systems and level of community participation under Joint Forest Management (JFM) [071/TFRI-2004/Silvi-1(6)/ 2004-2008]

Status: Sample plots have been laid out for assessment of JFM activities at Mendha (Lekha) Forest, Dhanora Range at Garchiroli Forest Division, Compartment No. RF-18 (Narwar Beat), MF-19 (Nipania Beat), RF-12 (Aintathar Beat), RF-11 (Jodhpur Beat). Soil samples have been collected for analysis of pH, per cent C and NPK. A copy of Micro plan and MoU signed between Maharasthra Forest Department and Villagers of Mendha Lekha Village has been obtained. Data have been collected for phyto-sociological studies. A micro-plan got prepared for Udaipur village in Maihar Range, Satna Forest Division and socio-economic and phytosociological studies were completed.

Project 14: Sustainable management of medicinal plants in JFM areas in different agro-climatic zones of Madhya Pradesh [079/TFRI/2005/Silvi-1(8)/ 2005-2010]

Status: Regeneration study of Kalmegh in a selected site has been completed. A new site has been selected near Delakhadi Forest Rest House, West Chhindwara Forest Division for study of sustainability of Kalmegh. Sample plots have been laid out and data have been collected. Site has been selected near Budhni village under Shiyarkheda Beat of East Harrai Range under East Chhindwara Forest Division for study of sustainable harvesting of Chironjee.

Project 15: Standardization of nursery techniques of Strychnos nux-vomica and Strychnos potatorum [080/TFRI/2005/Silvi-2(9)/ 2005-2008]

Status: In order to repeat the experiment for confirmation of earlier results the seeds, roots and branches of S. nux-vomica and S. potatorum were collected from Sahanikhar, Dhamtari Forest Division and Khutama South Forest Division, Chhindwara, respectively. The physical, chemical and hormonal treatments were given to seeds, roots and branches of S. nux-vomica and S. potatorum to study the regeneration of the species in silviculture nursery. Different physical, chemical and hormonal treatments were found to be effective in enhancing the germination and rooting performance of S. nuxvomica and S. potatorum of seeds and vegetative propagules over control.

Project 16: Seed physiology of the tropical forest species with special reference to their maturity and storage [076/TFRI-2004/Silvi-2(7)/ 2004-2009]

Status: Pre-treatment studies for enhancement of germination of seeds have been completed on Mimusops elengi, Sapindus laurifolia and Terminalia chebula. Studies on desiccation tolerance and seed storage behaviour have been done on Bassia latifolia, Mimusops elengi, Moringa oleifera, Terminalia chebula and Holoptelea integrifolia.

Seeds of Moringa oleifera, Holoptelea integrifolia, Mimusops elengi, and Terminalia chebula were adjusted to three to five moisture contents and stored at four different temperatures for evaluation of storage potential. Seed maturation studies for determination of seed collection time have been completed on Mimusops elengi and Bassia latifolia seeds.

 

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